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نمونه متن زبان تخصصي 1


 

Bloom's-Taxonomy-and-Learning-Objectives

 

Bloom identified six levels within the cognitive domain, from the simple recollection of facts, knowledge -- the lowest level, through increasingly more complex and abstract mental levels to the highest order, classified as evaluation. In writing learning objectives, it is helpful to keep in mind the level of critical thinking you want students to achieve.  General interactive media elements (i.e. deliver/check using video, audio, graphics, text, animation) mainly deal with the three lower levels (knowledge, comprehension, and application). Advanced aspects of 3D animations involve work at the higher levels requiring learners to combine known solutions in, for the learner, new ways—simulating real-world practice of task-based skills. In these cases, the virtual tool can set up hypothetical situations, pose problems, allow for experimentation and development and problem-solving skills. Learning objectives need to reflect these levels through the use of appropriate verbs.

 

Evaluation: To reflect on what has been processed and judge or verify its merit

appraise, argue, assess, attach, choose, critique, defend, estimate, predict, rate, core, select, support, value, evaluate, judge, rate, justify

Synthesis: Being able to draw together information and data in different formats and develop new or improved models of understanding

arrange, assemble, collect, compose, construct, create, design, develop, formulate, manage, organize, plan, prepare, produce, write

Analysis: Being able to interpret knowledge, apply principles and relationships in a given situation

calculate, categorize, classify, compare, contrast, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, examine, question, diagram,  outline

Application: Being able to apply the knowledge in new situations

apply, choose, change, demonstrate, dramatize, employ, illustrate, interpret, operate, practice, schedule, sketch, solve, use, prepare, produce, solve, put into practice

Comprehension: The ability to interpret information

classify, describe, discuss, explain, express, identify, indicate, locate, recognize, report, restate, review, select, translate, predict, summarize, paraphrase

Knowledge: The ability to retell or describe information

arrange, define, label, list, memorize, name, order, recognize, recall, repeat, reproduce, state, count, match, recall, sequence, show, tell

 

 

 

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